Analysis of hemp products

!Note: The following information is outdated due to new legislation and is currently being revised!

Products made from hemp are on everyone’s lips and are enjoying great popularity. In addition to hemp seeds for your morning cereals or hemp oil for a delicious salad dressing, it is above all products containing cannabidiol (CBD) that are experiencing a real hype and are now available everywhere.

In order to ensure the quality of your products, we offer you the analysis of the CBD and THC content as well as a comprehensive cannabinoid profile thanks to a special authorization from the Federal Opium Agency. As a useful addition, we can also provide you with analyses for important parameters such as microbiology, heavy metals, mycotoxins and pesticides.

Our cannabinoid profile currently contains:

  • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
  • Cannabidivarinic acid (CBDVa)
  • Total Cannabidivarin (CBDV + CBDVa)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabidiolic acid (CBDVa)
  • Total Cannabidiol (CBD + CBDa)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabigerolic acid (CBGa)
  • Total Cannabigerol (CBG + CBGa)
  • delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (d9-THC)
  • delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (d9-THCa)
  • Total delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (d9-THC + d9-THCa)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • delta8-Tetrahydrocannabinol (d8-THC)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
    But how is this actually possible? Doesn't cannabis fall under the Narcotics Act (BtMG)?

    Basically, the answer is yes, because cannabis itself (marijuana, plants and plant parts of plants belonging to the genus Cannabis), the well-known cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabis resin (hashish, the secreted resin of plants belonging to the genus Cannabis) are subject to the BtMG, although there are exceptions.

    What does this mean for hemp seeds, hemp oil or hemp protein?

    Based on Annex I letter a of the BtMG, cannabis seeds are exempt from the narcotics regulations, provided they are not intended for illicit cultivation. This means that cannabis seeds and foodstuffs made exclusively from cannabis seeds are not subject to the BtMG. Hemp seeds do not naturally contain any cannabinoids.

    However, hemp seeds can be contaminated with cannabinoids during extraction and processing, which is why maximum THC levels are defined in Regulation (EU) 2023/915. For example, a THC maximum level applies to hemp seeds (3 mg/kg), ground and or (partially) defatted hemp seeds and products derived exclusively from hemp seeds (3 mg/kg) and hemp seed oil (7.5 mg/kg). There is no Europe-wide standardized limit value for THC in other foods. Regular analytical monitoring is therefore extremely important.

    And the rest of the plant? What about tea made from hemp leaves, for example?

    Unlike seeds, other parts of the plant such as leaves or flowers of industrial hemp are only exempt from the BtMG under certain conditions. According to the exemptions for industrial hemp (Annex I BtMG letter b), plants and plant parts of plants belonging to the genus Cannabis are only exempt from the narcotics regulations if they:

    • originate from cultivation in countries of the European Union with certified seeds (industrial hemp) of varieties listed in the current version of the common catalog of varieties for agricultural plant species of the EU
    • or whose Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content does not exceed 0.3%
    • and if the trade with them (with the exception of cultivation) serves exclusively commercial or scientific purposes that exclude misuse for intoxication purposes.

    The latter in particular – i.e. misuse for intoxication purposes – cannot always be completely ruled out for unprocessed or merely processed plant parts (e.g. dried and chopped plant material). The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) is of the opinion that hemp tea falls under narcotics law and therefore may not be sold to consumers as food.

    And processed industrial hemp? What about cannabis extracts or CBD in food?

    Cannabis extracts fall under the exemptions if the relevant conditions listed above (obtained exclusively from industrial hemp with THC content ≤ 0.3% or EU variety and misuse for intoxication purposes excluded) are met. Regular laboratory analyses are also recommended here.

    Irrespective of this, however, it should be noted: Even if the above conditions for the exemption are met, products containing cannabis extracts or CBD are currently classified as novel foods (Regulation (EU) 2015/2283) – this means that they cannot be marketed as foodstuffs without the appropriate certification!

    Important information for your order:

    • Please note that we do not offer analysis of medicinal cannabis!
    • FoodQS GmbH has a legal obligation to report in accordance with § 44 para. 4a LFGB within the scope of a laboratory analysis if it is assumed that a ready-to-eat food is subject to a marketing ban in accordance with Article 14 para. 1 (EC) No. 178/2002.
    • Furthermore, FoodQS GmbH is obliged under Annex I letter a of the BtMG to inform the authorities if a THC content > 0.3 % is determined for an analysis sample!
    • If you are not sending your sample from Germany, a signed customer declaration confirming a THC content < 0.3 % must be enclosed!

    Interested in our services?

    Are you interested in further analyses?